Delivery Time: ~7 days
What is Dilantin?
Dilantin is an oral anti-epileptic drug first created in 1908 and approved by FDA in 1939. It is a hydantoin-derivative anticonvulsant drug that is used to treat seizures. Its effectiveness lies in its ability to slow down the spread of seizure activity in the brain. It does so by limiting impulse transmission between the nerves and by making the brain nerves less sensitive to excessive stimulation. Dilantin causes a voltage-dependent block of voltage gated sodium channels. Thus, Dilantin is an effective treatment option for generalized tonic-clonic seizures, complex partial seizures, and other types of seizures.
What are the indications for using Dilantin?
Dilantin is prescribed to people suffering from various types of seizures. It can prevent and treat psychomotor (complex partial) seizures, grand mal (generalized tonic-clonic) seizures, and seizures that happen after and as a result of neurosurgery. Dilantin can also be given to patients with abnormal heart rhythms, especially if these are caused by cardiac glycoside poisoning.
What is the dosage for Dilantin?
Dilantin is available in the form of 50mg chewable tablets, 5ml suspension, 50ml injection, and 30, 100, 200, and 300mg immediate or extended release capsules. Medical practitioners advise seizure patients to take 100mg of Dilantin two to four times a day. It is also possible to take 200mg of Dilantin three times a day or 300mg once a day, depending on each patient’s individual situation.
What are the contraindications for using Dilantin?
Dilantin should never be taken by those allergic to it or to similar anti-seizure medications. Also, pregnant and breastfeeding women are advised against taking Dilantin unless absolutely necessary as it can hurt the baby. This drug may also be unsafe if you have diabetes, porphyria, liver disease, a history of depression, or a bone-thinning condition. Also, talk to your doctor if you drink a lot of alcohol, or have a history of suicidal thoughts.
What are the adverse effects of Dilantin?
Dilantin can cause drowsiness, tiredness, focusing difficulties, trouble sleeping, dizziness, and loss of appetite. It has also been known to cause people to experience abdominal pain, nausea, nervousness, vomiting, and constipation. The severe side effects include slurred speech, twitching muscle, unusual eye movement, facial changes, joint pain, and several others.